PRESUMPTION

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A legal inference or assumption that a fact exists, based on the known or proven existence of some other fact or group of facts. • Most presumptions are rules of evidence calling for a certain result in a given case unless the adversely affected party overcomes it with other evidence. A presumption shifts the burden of production or persuasion to the opposing party, who can then attempt to overcome the presumption. See BURDEN OF PRODUCTION . [Cases: Criminal Law 305; Evidence 53–89. C.J.S. Criminal Law § 695; Evidence§§ 2, 130–196, 1341.]
“A presumption may be defined to be an inference as to the existence of one fact from the existence of some other fact founded upon a previous experience of their connection.” William P. Richardson, The Law of Evidence § 53, at 25 (3d ed. 1928).

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