- TAX AVOIDANCETo avoid taxes by arranging one's affairs so as not to incur tax.
“Any one may so arrange his affairs that his taxes shall be as low as possible. He is not bound to choose that pattern which will best pay the Treasury. There is not even a patriotic duty to increase one’s taxes.”Or this from Justice Robert Edgar Meggarry:
"No one may act in contravention of the law. But no one is bound to leave his property at the mercy of the revenue authorities if he can legally escape their grasp."In some jurisdictions, also known as tax mitigation or tax planning. In a family law judgment, the Newfoundland Court of Appeal, in 1999, Bursey, had occasion to write these words:
“Notionally, the words avoid and evade often are employed synonymously in everyday discourse. In the context of taxation, however, frequently these concepts are ascribed different connotations de-marking the line between conduct which is legal and that which is not."It is well recognized that it is not considered untoward for one to avoid taxes by arranging one's affairs so as not to incur tax. "On the other hand, purposely evading of taxes, known to be due and payable, connotes the taking of active steps to elude and shirk one's obligation to pay taxes which have been incurred and are due and owing.”